Choosing between Trunk based development(TBD) vs Feature branching

In a development environment like scrum, XP the branching strategy can significantly impact the overall speed of delivery of the product. There has been detailed documentation on the various branching strategies, and you can encounter TBD (Trunk based development), feature branching. In this article,  am covering the various factors that can impact the success or failure of a these branching strategy.

What is feature branching:

In this method, there is a code branch created for each and every feature. In agile based environments, typically, a branch is created for every story in the sprint.


What is Trunk based Development (TBD): When a single trunk/branch is used to create all the features of the product, then its called Trunk based development. Often a release branch is created when ever there is a release that is pushed to production.

Following are the various factors to look at before selecting Trunk based vs feature branching.

  • location of team members: when team members are co-located, the trunk is the best bet, helps us to get faster feedback. Also team can just talk about the code changes directly. Since the feedback will be faster in a single trunk, the team need to sync up more frequently. Co-location enables this sync trunk changes to happen frequently and faster. When there is a distributed environment (often in our teams), feature branching works best.

  • speed development environment: In a high speed dev environment, the trunk just shines as there are less and less process overhead, like branching, Pull request, review etc. Feature branching shines well when there is less speed in churning code.

  • size of code base: Insanely higher number of code lines can be better handled using feature branching. But for smaller code base, the cost of creating branches etc can be higher.

In our team meetings, we often talk about the right tools for the problem at hand. And using the right branching strategy is an important decision. We often question ourselves if the strategy is right for the given epic/sprint. If the answer is NO for few sprints, we know, we need to change something!

Please comment and let us know your opinion.