Vegetarian Vs Non-Vegetarian – A 10 year old child thought process

Author:- Atiksh Jain


Disclaimer: – I do not support or encourage any of the above, Instead I am penning it down my research and at the same time briefly touching on my opinion.


Research Findings

We have only 22% vegetarians across the world that being said we have approx. 78% are non vegetarian which is a quite a big number. Now let’s have a comparison between both of these two choices. First of all eating only veg may not be very nutrient because of the fact that not everyone will know what are the alternatives they need to go with in vegetarian food. The result is individuals end up having lacking of enough vitamins or proteins needed for our body. On the other hand, the Non-Veg provide direct source for nutrient while it is not good because people face many problems like :-  heart ailments and blockages, hypertension, kidney problems, bladder issues, , wounds in internal body, headache, constipation, tuberculosis, joint pains, craziness and the list is huge. The non vegetarian food has higher amount of protein content and makes it difficult to digest. The excessive Veg also got its only problems because veggies most known for causing gas and bloating. They got lots of fiber content for instance when you look at broccoli, sprouts, cabbage, and asparagus. “Excessive gas can also happen when someone tries to eat a lot of fiber when they’re not used to it”. This needs to be managed well.


Now let me share my “My Opinion

I think being veggie is a proud thing and managing proportion well can significantly minimize the impact of critical nutrition’s and vitamins.

Also, Eating non-veg is very bad because, when we eat non-veg we reduce the number of animals in our world, which is very sad. Non-Veg is also a very big cause of global warming. Also we are trying to imbalance the nature. Eating Non-Veg is basically killing all the poor animals who did nothing to us. Those poor animals just want to live in peace. Who are we to put an end to their lives.


Popular Answers and Questions:

1. Question: – Is Eating Non-Veg A Sin?

Answer: – Yes. Since when you hurt someone for your own satisfaction then it is a sin and that’s the definition I learnt

Killing animals is also a sin which means it is outrageously evil or wicked; Or I would say a heinous crime.

2. Question – Is egg veg?

Answer – Absolutely Not. Because the yolk is the baby chick (or other) which is an living thing. People might think the outer shell is veg but it’s not! Because The outer shell is the yolk’s skin. Don’t fool yourself or people by calling egg is veggie.

3. Question – Who live longer the ones who eat non-veg or the ones who eat veg?

Answer – Vegetarian men live for an average of 10 years longer than non-vegetarian men. The age for Veg and non veg respectively are 83 and 73 . For women, being vegetarian adds an extra 6 years to their lives.

4. Question – What are the challenges of being vegetarian (reasons revealed )


  • It’s Difficult to eat too much of protein and digest.
  • Vegetarian’s meal choices are limited
  • Eating out can be a challenge.
  • Dinner engagement require telling your preferences in advance.
  • Traditions for holidays may need to change.
  • It can make you gain weight and lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other health problems.
  • Vegetarians Need to Take the Time to read labels

Despite all these the world has started thinking to move towards Veg. The little knowledge around the vegetarian food not only make your soul clean but add extra years to your life. My personal preference was veg and  shall remain veg.


Popular Answer’s From the public

Adopt me wiki

62% Non veg is better while 38% says veg better. Despite 80% Non vegetarian, you would observe close to 1/3 of non vegetarian are supporting Veg.


Thank you for reading my blog. Stay tuned for more exciting Blogs!


From the mouth of Animal

Love us, Not eat us —–  All life are precious”


~~~ Atiksh Jain

Design a system to enforce a daily budget for cost-per-click based ads

Functional requirements

  1.  The system should be able to calculate the cost for every click and compare total cost with the budget at run time
  2. The remaining budget is sent back to main system responsible showing ads. The amount would decide whether to show more ads or stop for that day
  3. The system should store daily spending in DB as well.
  4. The user should be able to see how much money is remaining in his budget
  5. Enforcing the latest budget. The change in budget should be seamless 
  6.  Bringing current budget/System should have an ability to absorb change in budget

Non functional requirements

  1. High latency since it may result in loss of revenue
  2. The system should scale and able to take users up to 100 M
  3. High availability


  1. The system constantly receiving click cost from the main system
  2. The system should also receive daily budget along with Advertiser ID
click based ads system design problem



  1. The click cost is sent from main system to the system we are designing by means of Kafka stream.  The orderly execution and high reliability are our main requirements hence we prefer Kafka.
  2. We also maintain a DB which would constantly reading daily budget and respective advertiser ID from main system.  We use Kafka here as well to constantly add if there are changes to budget for individual users. There may be newly added users as well which should be fed to queue as well.
  3. The Cost per click is fed to Apache storm which keeps picking budget for that advertiser from Redis cluster. We don’t want to read budget from DB directly since too many DB calls would significantly affect the speed.
  4. The Apache storm would do the live calculation and push that to another Redis cluster
  5. When the main system wants to push the ad from advertiser, it can keep pulling the remaining budget for each user and keep posting the ads.


I have not shown many things here but during interview, you can talk about the improvements which you can do to further enhance the system. Some of which are

  1. The remaining budget to be stored in permanent storage as well with time stamps. That would help us to generate reports and create some intelligent analytics
  2. The DB can be sharded to have better performance. We can leverage consistent hashing to distribute the load evenly
  3. Every server should be clustered to have good fault tolerance
  4. We can generate multiple reports out the data we have. The users can be given the recommend budget as well.
  5. Redis and Kafka are clustered and we can rely on them
Effects and Side Effects of working remotely, what you tend to ignore

Successfully working from home is a skill, and very few attain it. You are probably not one of them

Is it a good idea to work from office or continue working from home? This is one of the important questions being asked most times specially when the world has learnt to work from home with pandemic mandate and a good percentage is still willing to working from home in near future but there are side effects which cannot be ignored since the impact may not be now but in long run it does harm to organizations as much as individuals.  Here are some of the side effects which I think are very relevant in current context

1. Do you want to consider job as a means for paycheck? .. Just a paycheck

To me the answer is absolutely NO. We want job to bring in fun, collaboration, learning and passion. There is nothing wrong about thinking paycheck while keeping it a priority is detrimental to an individual and to the company. The journey needs to be interesting not just the destination. The employee needs to find their purpose and its difficult though not impossible when working from home

2.  Growth will be a challenge

What is visible, sells”. This seems funny but the hard reality is that the promotions do not happen only by work. One of the study says that people those who come to video during online meeting would have much higher chances to grow than the ones which are off video for similar kind of talent. It would add more value when you are showing up at work. There is nothing wrong about showcasing what you have done.  I am not saying ‘fake it’ but it is important to showcase what you have done and make yourself visible

3.  Health issues

The data suggests, there are significant number of issues related to obesity, fatigue, back pain etc. are increasing multifold with the working from home for long term. The work at home never ends, we tend to start the moment we get up and this keeps going. The expectations have changed significantly which is not a good thing. The WBL has become even more challenging. People those who are critical working more and those who avoid, doing less. Both are bad, the good employees will leave while the others may see significant issue with their career. The majority of people don’t have exercise regime and this result in poor health specially when you are sitting on the chair and eating all times. Another study says that the chair kills more people than anything else in the world.

4. Low motivation leads to being reactive

When the COVID started everyone thought we can do much better while working from home, the energy was 2X but at some point the motivation and morale significantly has gone down. If you ask me today, a majority of percentage is working on reactive mode. What you get is what you do, but that’s not sustainable for you or a company.. The company doesn’t need robots instead motivated employees with great culture. If you think that we can achieve the same while working from home then do remember that this can happen only with rarest of exception and you are not among one of them.

5. Innovation is becoming a word to be used in appraisal

This is something every employee should ask themselves.  The great ideas will come when you connect, talk and meet people. The people are innovative and the real innovation should come from people on the ground. When it comes from top, it may be effective but not as good as when everyone contributes. Whether you want to become a leader and make a difference or just a follower. The sense of accomplishment comes when employee feels they are contributing to success of the company. I would stress here on #4 which is ‘being reactive’, and you cant expect to have innovation from reactive employees.

6. The human needs are challenged

The study says that there are three things you should care most to have happy and long lasting life A. Health, B. Social Connect C. Learning. I think we married to chair and laptop over fulfilling above needs. I would recommend you to write down on paper in terms of how these factors were there before and after (Working from office and home respectively). You will have an answer by yourself

7. We need meeting for everything

The moment I started working from home, I see that the number of meetings have increased in leaps and bounds. The meetings are toxic if they are back to back instead of doing any meaningful work. Being in leadership space, for anything and everything which can be done in less than 5 minutes need a meeting. I see people are sitting in end less meetings. At the end of day, the meeting alone cannot be the only thing you should be doing.  If you think you can attend endless meetings and that would help you to grow, then I would say sort your myth and come to a reality.

8. Infrastructure Challenges

Do we have enough infrastructure to support the work from home is another challenge? The power outage, internet provider challenges, speed and many other factors significantly affect the productivity. A many of employees do not even have dedicated room where they can work silently.

The office is intervening in the privacy of individuals too. We made home a work place, where we expect to multitask.

9. Moonlighting, & Fake interviews

There are people doing multiple jobs sitting at home. They are not very effective for a company they committed for. Moreover its against code of conduct (Depends on country) for majority of countries. The proxy interview is becoming a common challenge which is a big integrity issue. How hurtful it is to get fired on the ground of integrity and compromising career for rest of the life.

In addition to above, if you look at market, everyone is constantly look out for a job. The attrition rate has risen to 3x…4x, and it is not just because of the market but a big contributing factor is working from home. People who are jumping for money, may not have job once the market settles.

I am not trying to say that working from office is the best thing, but in majority of cases, it is a far better choice than opting work from home. There are exceptions like people those who want to stay far off from city, there are more imp priorities, need to support someone etc. where it cannot be ruled out.

The work from home also boost economy for small places, reduce traffic, give an opportunity for people to do imp things and more. But overall if we weigh both the options, I am sure we will find that the working from office is far better choice to opt for.



4 “Lacks” That Are Holding You Back as a Business Leader

There is no shortage of leadership writing today, and much of it focuses on what business leaders can do to improve and grow their operations, but what is very important is that you prepare for the unexpected physical disabilities with disability insurance. Yes, knowing what to do can certainly inspire you and help you figure out theoretical changes to make you a more effective leader. However, what leaders are not doing is where most of the costly mistakes happen, and some of those  mistakes are related with HR process, but  you can find some HR tools to use in 2021 that can help you make your business more successful, as a result you will land on a dream job because with those tools your business is going to be better day bay day and as a result your job is going to be like a hobby.

Failing to thoroughly prepare, not working effectively with your team, and not being aware of people’s emotions are a few prominent pitfalls that can keep you from reaching your potential as a business leader. But there are more! Agile Champs has listed four mistakes that every leader should seek to improve:


  1. Lack of Commitment

Any business book you pick up will have something to say about giving your company everything you’ve got. Entrepreneurs and managers simply don’t make it unless they are fully dedicated to the advancement of their operation. If you have lost the spark you once had for your work and are finding it hard to stay motivated and focused, your team will notice. People want to follow bold and passionate leaders, so take time to revisit what got you into the business in the first place, and strive to regain that passion.

  1. Lack of Research

One of the first stages of starting any business is coming up with an idea. Typically, an entrepreneur will brainstorm several ideas and research the market to determine which one is the most viable. Using a text marketing platform is an easy and much more convenient way for your target audience to get the confidential information they need. If you failed to do this when you started your business, it might be worth going back to the drawing board, whether that means you will implement your findings from research in your existing company or use them for your next venture.

While you are at it, consider your level of education and overall business acumen. If you have never earned a business degree, now could be the time to do it. Taking online courses will allow you to strengthen your skills in financial management, marketing, communication, and many other areas while allowing you more flexibility to balance other priorities in your life. Consequently, studying the art of business can also re-spark the passion you once had.

  1. Lack of Organization

Just as your team will be hard-pressed to follow a leader who is uncommitted or apathetic, they will also struggle to follow someone who is not well-organized. As a leader or manager, you automatically have a full plate, and if you don’t keep your schedule, tasks, or projects arranged in a way that allows you to complete all of your goals, then you may find yourself wayward from the mission of your company and therefore not growing as you could be.

An example of this would be using the Agile process for your software development projects. Many leaders think they understand how to effectively implement this process in their team’s operations, but the reality is it is very complex and you are likely missing something along the way. By utilizing blogs, case studies, tutorials, and other resources from organizations like Agile Champs, you can strengthen your expertise in the Agile process and take your projects to the next level.

In addition, Giving your employees corporate workwear in a design and colour scheme that is unique to your business can help you stand out in a positive way to the community and potential new clients.

  1. Lack of Delegation

As a business leader or manager, your need to be in control and get the job done may prove useful in certain moments, but it can severely hinder you in many others. If you are afraid to hand off certain tasks or projects to your subordinates, you are only holding back your team and making it difficult for your company to move forward.

Hire a Tampines company secretary and learn how to delegate jobs so that you can focus more on your overarching vision. Showing trust in your team members will also help them to develop their skills, expertise, and confidence.

Managers of healthcare facilities may also hire more healthcare professionals so it’ll be easier to delegate the tasks especially in this time of pandemic. They may work with a company like Sterling Check to conduct a thorough background check on their job candidates.

Sometimes, improving as a business leader requires you to identify the things you are not doing. Along with considering the advice above, keep learning about other common leadership pitfalls so that you can adjust your mindset and practices to become the best version of yourself. In no time, your team, organization as a whole, and everyone around you will notice a difference, and it will ultimately lead your company toward your goals!

If you found this article helpful, you can learn more about the Agile process and other practices by visiting


Step by step guide for Problem Solving Workshop

The SAFe recommends 6 steps to manage problem solving workshop

1. Agree on the Problem(s) to Solve

“A problem well stated is a problem half solved” 

  • Define problem statement clearly. It shouldn’t suggest solution
  • The team should focus on the problem which they can control or influence
  • The highest weightage should be economic impact. This would inspire team to put in best possible effort to fix it
  • Focus on few and pick the most important one or max two

Tip – You should be looking at ‘What’, ‘Where’, ‘When’, ‘Impact’ but not ‘Who’. The ‘Who’ would result in blame game which is not the intention

For example:  if your problem is something related with important papers that should be stamp, you must think how to make a stamp on a digital word, in that way the solutions are getting faster and easier.

2. Perform Root Cause Analysis

By repeating why five times, the nature of the problem, as well as its solution, becomes clear. – Taiichi Ohno 

  • SAFe preloads main bones with 5 categories people, process, environment, program and tools but this can be anything.
  • The team brainstorm the causes and write them against each bone. Brainstorm potential causes before putting things up on the fishbone
  • Apply 5 Whys technique for each of the root cause


Why? – The battery is dead. (First why)

Why? – The alternator is not functioning. (Second why)

Why? – The alternator belt has broken. (Third why)

Why? – The alternator belt was well beyond its useful service life and not replaced. (Fourth why)

Why? – The vehicle was not maintained according to the recommended service schedule. (Fifth why, a root cause)

Tip – The problem-solving teams should attempt to get at least one problem statement under at least three of the five bones

3. Identify the biggest root cause by using Pareto Analysis

    • The teams will use a Pareto Analysis to find 20% of the root causes that caused 80% of the problem.
    • Team members vote on all the root causes which came up during step 2 to identify the most significant root cause.

4. Restate the new problem for the biggest root-cause

    • The original problem statement may no longer be a core issue. Instead it’s the root cause which led to the original problem statement
    • The next step is to pick the cause with the most votes and restate it clearly as a problem. Precisely,
      redefine the problem statement keeping the root cause in the mind (Highest votes)

5. Brainstorm solutions

    • The team members will brainstorm solutions for the newer problem statement with root cause
    • The team brainstorms as many possible corrective actions as they can think of within a fixed time box (about 15–30 minutes)

6. Create Improvement Backlog Items

      • The teams would rank top 3 most likely solutions and out of which they will create improvement backlogs which would be fed to upcoming PI
      • If you don’t take the action on the problem in upcoming PI, the team will lose confidence on the entire effort
Should I go for SAFe SPC Certification? – Tips for scoring high in exam

I get many questions from people around  SAFe SPC CERTIFICATION. Some of them are listed below but not limited to –

  1. I have good exposure to Agile. In order to boost my career should I go for SAFe SPC certification?
  2. It costs a lot and further $900 to be paid every year to renew it. Is it going to be worth?
  3. How am going to utilize if my company is not on SAFe?
  4. Is it easy?
  5. What’s the process to start teaching? How do I become a trainer?
  6. I am not at all technical and moreover don’t have much exposure to corporate world. What should I do?

Above all, the most important question is

Who is the best trainer? And where should I go and attend the training? 

Let me start with the most important and most frequently asked question. You (or your company) re going to spend good amount of money hence you just want to ensure that you truly learn the concepts so that you can leverage.  I have personally seen many SPCs struggling to teach because they did clear the exam but didn’t understand the concepts well.  People pay the money to be on top in google search doesn’t always mean they are the best. Hence you should do though research before you go for your training. Trust me, the training what you are going to go through has higher weightage than anything else.

I have done good research and I can certainly suggest you the best trainers what I feel would make a difference in your learning based on your location. You can always send an email to me at and I will guide you multiple options.

The SAFe exam is not easy as well whilst there are two ways you can crack

  1. Be a smart candidate – Find the right trainer, understand the concepts well and further find a right mentor (Many a times your training org/trainer would play that role)
  2. Be a hardworking candidate – You can’t avoid hard work but not focusing no training and just doing everything by yourself. The disadvantage is you may pass but mostly wont score high. Another limitation is you may lose confidence while teaching people.

I always suggest people to pick the first choice. Your hard-work should be to make your future and not just to clear the exam.

If you are not technical at all and don’t know how corporate world works, then I would say go for Leading SAFe instead of picking SAFe SPC. Or probably you can read details over internet or talk to people those who are SPCs and connected to real world problems solved by SAFe. You may find many institutes would lure you with job success etc but without the basics, it won’t add lots of value.

The majority of companies are building their own SPCs hence don’t expect lots of training requests are coming outside of the market. Although in past two years, SAFe has got lots of traction and probably they are the best when you talk about scaling Agile. If you have good exposure to Agile and feel that you are a good trainer, you can attempt SAFe SPC. The SAFe first principle says “Take an economic view”. I think that’s something you should do it as well.

You should always remember, the principle of product management flow – “While you ignore the economics, it won’t ignore you”.

The exam isn’t easy. In fact, I have seen many people failing the exam despite they scored 80 plus marks in Pre Test. Hence do not take it lightly.

You can always refer my other blog which talks about tips and tricks to score high

How do you pass SAFe SPC Certification with high score (Implementing SAFE) – Download questions for free

In order to start teaching within your company, you should complete respective enablement certifications. For instance you want to teach “Leading SAFe”, you should clear the exam for Leading SAFe post SPC.

The Scale Agile is very good in responding any of the queries hence for any specific questions you can send a message to them and you can expect prompt response. I’m personally a big fan of SAFe since it’s not just processes but it does have lots of leadership, and technology.

Another important point to note is that, if you are a good at technology and at the same time you got a good passion towards Agile, you could be a good trainer. The technology knowledge helps significantly if you truly want to be a trainer. Precisely the chances of success and ROI for doing SPC are quite high.

If your company is not using SAFe and you cant do training outside due to the restriction from your company, you should join SAFe forum and start learning more. With my experience I have seen many SPCs were out of SAFe in this situation due to limited exposure and further who would pay $800 renewal every year.

To be honest, this is just high level. The decision depends on many factors. You can feel free to drop an email along with your number. I would try to help you as much as I can. I am usually available for a call over weekend.

Thanks for reading the blog. Wish you happy and SAFe journey.


How to pass Leading SAFe or SAFe agilist


The SAFe (scaled agile framework) is getting lots of attention these days. Everyone is going for various certifications based on the role they are playing in the org. People aspire to get good job are opting for SAFe training and certification as well, these type of certification is highly recommender  for  foreigners doing business because it help them to improve their abilities and get better results. As business needs evolve and change, it is more important than ever to take your employee data’s safety, security, and accuracy into consideration when it comes to timekeeping and keeping track of your employee’s location, attendance, and productivity, those are some of the reasons to switch to a biometric system.

I get tons of questions from students, employees, trainers and career aspirants around how do they pass SAFe certification exam and what’s the way to get the maximum value out of it?

I would focus on various SAFe certifications and who should do in my next blog whilst I would focus on “Leading SAFe” or “SAFe Agilist” in this blog.

The Leading SAFe certification should be done by all the leaders and people aspire to play the leadership. I feel SAFe has lots of leadership content in addition to process and practices. I am sure what you learn post Leading SAFe would be must more powerful than many of the Leadership sessions to attend outside market. The leading SAFe focuses on basic building blocks of SAFe and how does leadership support in doing all the right things. Here are some points you must remember

  1. There are no shortcuts hence if you are thinking you would just pass the exam and you would get all the value, forget about it. The real value is in the knowledge you gain hence choose your trainer (SPC) wisely. Don’t go and pick any trainer. Although passing exam is an important activity since that makes you to force yourself and revise all the concepts.
  2. I would advise you to go with a trainer who has good technical background. In the midst for market value, many professional has become SPC certified. I have attended some of the sessions from non-technical trainers and I can tell you, they could not relate a lots of concepts to what we do day to day. Choosing competent, technical trainer is the half battle won.  A good coach, and if you know basics of Agile, a 3 days – 6-8 hours study can help you to score 90% plus. It may slightly differ based on how fast or slow learner you are.
  3. Once you are done with coaching, you should study the concepts in 1-2 weeks and go for a practice test. If your score is 85 plus, you can review the deck and go for the exam.
  4. All the students must review the Study PDF received from the SAFe (or Download from SAFe website post enrollment), at least three times. There is another slide which talks about specific links (Chapter Wise), which every student must go through at least twice.
  5. It’s good idea to write down the example given by trainer on each slide which would help you to revise the concepts
  6. Aim to score at least 90 percent, not to show people but ensuring that you truly understood each concept.
  7. You should attempt to do at least 400 to 500 sample quality questions to ensure you understood the concepts and you should be able to go for the exam
  8. Never search questions and answers over internet. A lots of answers are correct on internet and moreover it doesn’t give you a feeling that you are attempting an exam
  9. There is going to be approx. 10% repeat questions from pretest hence do ensure that you got answers for all the pretest questions

I am going to start community of practice on telegram. In case if anyone is willing to join to find

Who is the best trainer in your area?
Which certification I should opt for?
Should I do SPC certification and become trainer? What’s the step by step process to do that?
Any other question pertaining to SAFe?

You can click on the click below and join SAFe community of practice


The sample questions from scale agile are

1. What is the connection between feedback and optimum batch size?
A. Lack of feedback contributes to higher holding cost
B. Feedback and batch size are generally not connected
C. Small batch sizes enable faster feedback with lower transaction costs
D. Large batches reduce transaction cost and provide a higher return on investment
2. What is one key reason for keeping the test data for automated tests under version control?
A. For reporting and auditing purposes
B. Version control is required for quality standards
C. All enterprise assets must be under version control
D. If test data gets out of sync, automated tests may not properly execute
3. What is the primary goal of decentralized decision-making?
A. Reduce Cost of Delay
B. Resolve dependencies
C. Enable faster flow of value
D. Increase alignment
4. What does SAFe® Principle #3, “Assume variability; preserve options,” enable?
A. Better economic results
B. Specification traceability
C. Up front design of systems
D. Stronger Definition of Done
5. What is a result of shorter queue lengths?
A. Lower quality
B. Increased risk
C. Less variability
D. Longer cycle times
6. Which statement is most accurate about the Program Vision?
A. It expresses the strategic intent of the Program
B. It drives the allocation of budget for the Agile Release Train
C. It summarizes the team PI Objectives for the current Program Increment
D. It provides an outline of the Features for the next three Program Increments

7. What Definition of Done is required for the Iteration Review?
A. Release
B. Team Increment
C. System Increment
D. Solution Increment
8. What is the primary purpose of Strategic Themes?
A. Determine the order in which Epics should be executed
B. Drive incremental implementation across the enterprise
C. Connect the portfolio to the enterprise business strategy
D. Define the sequence of steps used to deliver value to the customer
9. An Epic spanning two PIs was approved for implementation. What is the optimum implementation path from a Lean-Agile perspective?
A. Implement the Epic across the same number of PIs as it took to develop
B. Report the percentage completed to the key stakeholders at every PI boundary
C. Demonstrate the progress to the key stakeholders after two PIs and have them accept the epic
D. Demonstrate the progress to key stakeholders after first PI and make a decision how to proceed
with the Epic in the second PI
10. What backlog items are part of the Solution Backlog?
A. Benefits
B. Features
C. Capabilities
D. User Stories

Answer Key:
1. C
2. D
3. C
4. A
5. C
6. A
7. B
8. C
9. D
10. C

The understanding of below concepts would help you to score high

  1. What is business Agility?
  2. What are 8 Kotter’s Principles?
  3. What is the benefit of Decentralize decision making? Delivering value in shortest sustainable lead time, better control, high morale, empowerment
  4. What is MVP? Minimal Viable Product which can prove benefit hypothesis
  5. Who has the content authority on Team Backlog or Program Backlog or Solution Backlog? Product Owner, Product Manger and Solution Manger Respectively
  6. What are two ART sync meetings? SOS and PO Sync
  7. House of Lean
    • What is the most important item? Value
    • What is the foundation of House of lean? Leadership
    • What are the four pillars of house of lean? Respect for people and culture, Flow, Innovation, Lean, Relentless Improvement
  8. Which of the core competencies of the Lean Enterprise helps align strategy and execution? – LPM
  9. What are types of  Guardrails – BO Engagement, Horizons, Capacity allocation, approve EPIC initiatives
  10. What are core values of SAFe – Transparency, Program Execution,  Built in quality, Alignment
  11. How do you achieve Cadence based synchronization in SAFe? PI Planning
  12. Who Facilitates ART – RTE, Who Facilitates Solution Train – STE
  13. What decisions you shouldn’t centralized?  Decisions with big economic impact and which are not likely to change
  14. ROAM full form – Resolved, Owned, Accepted, and Mitigated
  15. CALMR full form – Culture, Automation, Lean Flow, Measurement, and Recovery



Execution Excellence with 4DX – 4 Disciplines of execution

To achieve a goal you have never achieved before you must do things you have never done before   ~Stephen Covey

What is so inspiring? All of us already know that in order to do something new, we are expected to do something different.

Well, the answer is “FISH discover water last”.  I will write a separate blog to explain why fish discover water last.  Lets find out the relation between 4DX and the above quote.

The 4DX or The four disciplines of execution is designed to create a winnable game.  Very simple and easy to understand while tricky to implement and sustain because this requires us to work differently than what we do.

Steve Jobs quoted “Ideas are worthless without execution”. It is easy to say that someone “stole your idea” but the truth of the matter is that ideas are worthless until they’re brought to life and executed

The 4 Disciplines of execution – A wonderful book written by Mr. Sean Covey where he talked about how focusing on goals that matter and further how to win the game by step by step process. You can be very well assured that this really works with more than 1500 organizations that have adopted it and seen wonderful results.

In order to understand the disciplines, let’s understand the two key concepts

  1. Strategy &
  2. Execution

A leader can influence two of the items when it comes to producing results.

Strategy and Ability to execute that strategy.  Which one you think leader struggle with more – I don’t have to ask as it’s obvious.

The answer is the ability to execute the strategy.

In case if you are MBA or spend time in learning management – What did you were taught?   “It’s Strategy”

No wonders great strategies fail –  Now the question is why people fail to execute the goals – It’s because of whirlwind.  Whirlwind – These are existing work and urgent tasks that need attention now. For example – Management reports, KPI, Status report, reviewing code, 1x1s, and the list goes on.

On contrary to that there is another concept called WIG or wildly important goals (WIG) which are nothing but “new activities” and “Innovation” which affects the future success

If you closely observe you would find whirlwind are urgent items because it affects today while WIGs are extremely important items that affect the future. When there is a battle between Urgency and Importance, obviously urgency will win.

Now, let’s understand the 4 step process to make a balance between your WIG and Whirlwind.

  1. Discipline of Focus

Ask yourself if everything else remained the same, what is the one thing you could change that would have the greatest impact.

If you have 4-10 goals – you achieve 1. if you go with more than 10, you typically achieve none. Interestingly if you have 2-3 goals, the chances of achieving them all are very high. Sounds interesting, isn’t it?

To define a WIG;  Identify 1. Where are you now, 2. Where you want to be 3.  & By When

Or you define the starting line, finish line, and deadline

  • Focus on your wildly important goals
  • Focus on less to accomplish more
  • There are always good ideas than the capacity to execute
  • Focus on what not how

Focus Traps

Inability to reject good ideas 

This is the disciplines of focus and the first step for creating a winnable game

  1. Discipline of leverage

The second discipline is to act on the lead measure. In order to understand this, we need to understand lead and lag measures

Lag Measure – Lag measures measure results towards your wildly important goal. They’re easy to measure but hard to influence.

Lead Measures – Most high impact things you must do to achieve your goal.

If we take the same weight loss example, I want to lose 10 kg by December. The 10kg is the lag measure. The lead measure would be cutting 100 calories a day and working our 5 times a week.

Using Lag Measures without Lead Measures is dangerous. They only measure the result of your goal. Lead Measures can influence the chance of success in achieving your goal. They are even predictive of success.

  1. Keep a Compelling Scoreboard

Think of a bunch of players playing a cricket match on the ground

People and teams play differently when they are keeping score, and the right kind of scoreboards motivate the players to win.  Great teams know at every moment whether they are winning or losing. They must know, otherwise, they don’t know what they have to do to win the game. We need to publish the score regularly and that should be visible to everyone.  The Agile “Information radiators” plays a critical role here. 

Discipline 1, 2, and 3 are nothing but a formula for creating a winnable game. Discipline 4 is how we play the game hence it’s the most important activity we need to focus on

  1. Create a Cadence of accountability

Discipline 4 is to create a cadence of accountability – It’s all about regular and frequent team meetings that focus on the wildly important goals. You should remember

  • This should not last more than 20 to 30 minutes
  • The meeting should be held at the same time and same day of the week. Consistency is critical to have a sustained cadence of accountability.
  • The whirlwind never allowed in the WIG session no matter, how urgent it may seem.

The focus of the session is to make team members hold each other accountable.  In this meeting, we would have answers to three things

  • What did we accomplish last week?
  • Did that move our lead or lag measure or need to course correct
  • What are 1-2 things we should do to push the lead measure which would push the lag measure?

The Behaviors play a critical role while ensuring 4 steps

  1. Establish a sense of urgency (Kotter’s law of change) – The constant sense of danger to survive or innovative leadership can bring in urgency.  Precisely you are expected to challenge the status quo and push employees to no longer be complacent.
  1. Change is inevitable – We need to realize that change is mandatory but you don’t need to be perfect. Have you heard of leaders’ plans to plan and further plan – to achieve perfection but the same focus is not there in execution. Don’t be perfect. Perfection is a fallacy. Start with a good plan and move towards perfection.
  1. Take an economic view – It’s tough to say no to good ideas.  Use the Pareto principle which is 20% of ideas will generate 80% of success.  Pick what is important and narrow your focus. The human brain is not programmed to multitask.  Prioritize looking at the benefits of goal to the organization and not with emotions
  1. Don’t make your Whirlwind to be a WIG – Don’t get so busy that you are 100% reactive. 20% of your time must be focused on doing WIG then only you can make a difference and that would result in organizational success.
  1. The decision should go where the knowledge exists – Unless a decision is one time, makes a significant financial impact, move that to your team. That would help you to move faster and at the same time help your directs to grow in their career.
  1. Intrinsic motivation – This is one of my favorites. This is from the book Drive written in 2009. If you want to bring the highest level of motivation to your team, you should focus on three core factors – Autonomy, Mastery, and Purpose.
  • Autonomy– people are trusted and encouraged to take ownership of their own work and skill development.
  • Mastery– people see no limits to their potential and are given the tools they need to continue to improve their skills.
  • Purpose– people are encouraged to use their skills to achieve a “greater” purpose – for instance, getting involved in a “good cause” that they are passionate about.

Money doesn’t motivate people though not giving enough money demotivates them.

  1. Credit Game – Don’t fall into trap of getting the credit. Have you observed people want to sign up for every initiative just for “Face Value”? As a leader, you should discourage that and moreover lift people up based on the outcome they produce. It is very easy to develop bias because somebody has said great words about your people or your direct has taken up great sessions. Once you are focused on the outcome, people would start getting out of the credit game. Focus on the outcome and not output.

A good leader takes a little more than his share of the blame, a little less than his share of the credit.

  1. Create short term wins – Remember principle #3 – Keeping a compelling scoreboard – It’s imperative to create short term wins. Celebrate your wins – Celebrate success and celebrate failure but ensure that you keep moving towards your goal.
  1. Embrace the feedback – If you are wrong, accept mistakes. If you get feedback, listen, and act. Don’t shoot the messenger instead embrace your messenger. Feedback is the best way to improve faster.
  1. Relentless improvement – Last but not least, continually improve. The relentless improvement is mandatory in the current competing priorities. You can go up the ladder or go down. You can never stay where you are today.  Create an environment where people are encouraged to learn, read, and contribute. In fact, go back and read the book which will be given to you. Make sure the team read this before you start following 4 DX in your team.

You can buy the book 4DX – 4 Disciplines of execution by clicking at The 4 Disciplines of Execution