SAFe SPC question bank 3

31. What is the foundation of the house of lean?
• Leadership

32. What is the roof of the house of lean?
• Value

33. People do all the work. Your Customer is whoever consumes your work
• -Don’t Overload them
• -Don’t make them wait
• -Don’t force them to do wasteful work
• -Don’t impose wishful thinking
• build long-term partnerships based on trust
• Culture change comes last, not first
• To change culture change the organization – Respect for people and culture

34. Flow
• Optimize continuous and sustainable throughput for value
• build in quality; flow depends on it
• Understand, exploit, and mange variability
• Avoid start-stop-start project delays
• Use informed-decision making via fast feedback

35. Innovation
• Producers innovate; customers validate
• Get out of the office
• Provide time and space for creativity
• Apply innovation accounting
• Pivot without mercy or guilt

36. Relentless Improvement
• A constant sense of danger
• Optimize the whole
• Consider facts carefully, then act quickly
• Apply lean tools to identify and address root causes
• Reflect at key milestones; identify and address shortcomings –

37. Value
• Shortest sustainable lead time.
• Best quality and value to people and society.
• High morale, safety, customer delight – Value

38. Leadership
• Management applies and teaches Lean-Agile thinking, based decisions on this long-term philosophy.

39. Principles of lean-Agile Thinking – Agile Manifesto
• Individual and interactions – over processes and tools
• Working software – over comprehensive documentation
• Customer collaboration – over contract negotiation
• Responding to change – over following a plan

40. What is the first SAFe Lean-Agile Principle? –
• Take an economic view

41. What is the second SAFe Lean-Agile Principle?
• – Apply Systems thinking

42. What is the third SAFe Lean-Agile Principle?
• – Assume Variability, preserve options

43. What is the fourth SAFe Lean-Agile Principle?
• – Build incrementally with fast, integrated learning cycles

44. What is the fifth SAFe Lean-Agile Principle?
• – Based milestones on objective evaluation of working systems

45. What is the sixth SAFe Lean-Agile Principle?
• – Visualize and limit WIP, reduce batch sizes, and manage queue length

46. What is the seventh SAFe Lean-Agile Principle?
• – Apply cadence, synchronize with cross-domain planning

47. What is the eight SAFe Lean-Agile Principle?
• – Unlock the intrinsic motivation of knowledge workers

48. What is the ninth SAFe Lean-Agile Principle?
• – Decentralize decision-making

49. Why the focus on principles?
• A lean-Agile transformation will deliver substantial benefits
• However, it is a significant change and every implementation is different
• Leaders should understand why the practices work; its part of knowing what it is they do
• If a practice need to change, understanding the principles will assure the change moves the moves the enterprise in the right direction

50. What are the Five primary dimensions of Built-In Quality?
• Flow
• Architecture & Design Quality
• Code Quality
• System Quality
• Release Quality


SPC SAFe question bank 3

SAFe SPC exam cheat sheet

SAFe SPC question bank 5

81. When is a Pre-PI Planning event needed?
When multiple Agile Release Trains working on the same Solution need to align and coordinate

82. On day two of PI Planning, management presents adjustments based on the previous day’s management review and problem solving meeting. What is one possible type of adjustment they could make?
• Business priorities

83. Product Management has content authority over the Program Backlog. What do Product Owners have content authority over?
• Team Backlog

84. Which statement is true when continuously deploying using a DevOps model?
• It lessens the severity and frequency of release failures

85. What are the four budget guardrails?
• Guiding investments by horizon
• Optimizing value and solution integrity with capacity allocation
• Approving significant initiatives
• Continuous Business Owner engagement

86. What is one guardrail on Lean budget spend?
• Continuous Business Owner engagement

87. On day two of PI Planning, management presents adjustments based on the previous day’s management review and problem-solving meeting. What is one possible type of adjustment they could make?
• Business priorities

88. ** What is the last step in Kotter’s approach to change management?
Anchor new approaches in the culture

89. What are Kotter’s 8-Step Change Model?
Step 1: Create Urgency
Step 2: Form a Powerful Coalition
Step 3: Create a Vision for Change
Step 4: Communicate the Vision
Step 5: Remove Obstacles
Step 6: Create Short-Term Wins
Step 7: Build on the Change
Step 8: Anchor the Changes in Corporate Culture

90. What are the 12 Principles Behind the Agile Manifesto?
1. Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software.
2. Welcome changing requirements, even late in development. Agile processes harness change for the customer’s competitive advantage.
3. Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale.
4. Business people and developers must work together daily throughout the project.
5. Build projects around motivated individuals. Give them the environment and support they need, and trust them to get the job done.
6. The most efficient and effective method of conveying information to and within a development team is face-to-face conversation.
7. Working software is the primary measure of progress.
8. Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely.
9. Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design enhances agility.
10. Simplicity-the art of maximizing the amount of work not done-is essential.
11. The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams.
12. At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly.

91. Which statement is a principle of the Agile manifesto?
Simplicity–the art of minimizing the amount of work not done–is essential

92. ** What is a valid reason for moving a PI objective to stretch?
The team has high uncertainty about a third-party delivery needed for the objective

93. When basing decisions on economics, how are lead time, product cost, value, and development expense used?
+To identify different parameters of the economic framework

94. The 12 Steps in SAFe Implementation Roadmap:
1. Reaching the Tipping Point
2. Train Lean-Agile Change Agents
3. Train Executives, Managers, and Leaders
4. Create a Lean-Agile Center of Excellence
5. Identify Value Streams and ARTs
6. Create the Implementation Plan
7. Prepare for ART Launch
8. Train Teams and Launch the ART
9. Coach ART Execution
10. Launch More ARTs and Value Streams
11. Extend to the Portfolio
12. Sustain and Improve

95. What is the connection between feedback and optimum batch size?
• Small batch sizes enable faster feedback with lower transaction costs

96. What is one key reason for keeping the test data for automated tests under version control?
• If test data gets out of sync, automated tests may not properly execute

97. What is the primary goal of decentralized decision-making?
• Enable faster flow of value

98. What does SAFe® Principle #3, “Assume variability; preserve options,” enable?
• Better economic results

99. What is a result of shorter queue lengths?
Less variability

100. Which statement is most accurate about the Program Vision?
It expresses the strategic intent of the Program

101. What Definition of Done is required for the Iteration Review?
• Team Increment

102. What is the primary purpose of Strategic Themes?
• Connect the portfolio to the enterprise business strategy

103. An Epic spanning two PIs was approved for implementation. What is the optimum implementation path from a Lean-Agile perspective?
• Demonstrate the progress to key stakeholders after first PI and make a decision how to proceed with the Epic in the second PI

104. What backlog items are part of the Solution Backlog?
• Capabilities

105. Why do Lean-Agile Leaders try to connect the silos of business,
system engineering, hardware, software, test, and quality assurance?
– To align around value

106. Which statement describes one element of the CALMR approach
to DevOps? – Establish a work environment of shared responsibility


SPC SAFe question bank 6

SAFe SPC exam cheat sheet